What is Heat Exhaustion? Heat Exhaustion, also known as sunstroke, is a serious problem.
What are the signs and symptoms of Heat Exhaustion?
- Body temperature reaching more than 40 degrees Celsius or 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Flushed (red) and very dry skin, or sweaty and cold, clammy skin.
- Headache, loss of consciousness (passing out), confusion, or trouble staying awake.
- Irregular or fast breathing, fast or pounding heartbeat, and low blood pressure.
- Muscle weakness and twitching, or a feeling of pins and needles on the skin.
- Nausea (upset stomach), vomiting, or abdominal (stomach) cramps.
- Seizures (convulsions) or coma.
What should I do if I think someone is having Heat Exhaustion?
- Move the person with heatstroke to a cool, shaded area and turn him on his side.
- Bring the person to the nearest Emergency Department. In an emergency call 911
- Apply ice packs on the neck, armpits, and groin.
- Drink lots of liquids, such as water, fruit juices. Avoid alcohol !!!
- Eat salty foods, such as celery, saltine crackers, or pretzels.
- Limit your activities and strenuous exercises during the hottest time of the day.
- Never leave children or pets alone inside cars, especially during hot weather.
- Use air conditioners or fans, and have enough proper ventilation.
- Wear lightweight, loose, and light-colored clothing. Protect your head and neck with a hat or umbrella when you are outdoors.
Check the Chicago Cooling Center Locations [PDF]